Tuesday, July 17, 2012

Comparative Anatomy-Brachium

Here we have a demo drawing of the dog brachium used as a background for actual human, dog, and horse  skeletal front limbs.This illustrates the shoulder mechanism - the scapula, humerus, ulna, and radius , and more accurately, the evolution of the radius.In the full  pronating radius in the human, where the upper limb has lost it's prime function of  translocation we compare this with the dog  where the radius exhibits  a semi fixed position, more suitable to the survival imperative of running.Finally we observe the horses's radius-ulnar anatomy, where the translocation function has finally perfected itself in the actual fusion of the ulna with the now massive and immobile radius.

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